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Social Security

Seguro Social

Benefits, Retirement, Disability


Social Security provides in its website all sorts of information on getting or replacing your Social Security Card, eligibility, benefits, applications and their status, appealing a disability decision, retirement benefits estimator, forms, publications, services, homeless services, and even popular baby names!

Many tasks can be done online, saving you lots of time driving & waiting in lines!

Click on the links below to get started:


What You Can Do Online 

Get or Replace your Social Security Card

Services for People Currently Receiving Benefits

Seguro Social

Find a Social Security Office


Recorded information, automated services 24/7          1-800-772-1213

Speak to an agent 7am - 7pm  Monday - Friday           1-800-772-1213

TTY                                                                             1-800-325-0778



Apply for types of benefits:


- "normal retirement age" is 65.  You may begin receiving retirement benefits at age 62 - 70.



-  widows / widowers may begin receiving survivor benefits at age 60



- From Social Security - Benefits for Children:

Your child can get benefits if he or she is your biological child, adopted child or dependent stepchild. (In some cases, your child also could be eligible for benefits on his or her grandparents’ earnings.)

To get benefits, a child must have:

  • A parent(s) who is disabled or retired and entitled to Social Security benefits; or
  • A parent who died after having worked long enough in a job where he or she paid Social Security taxes.

The child also must be:

  • Unmarried;
  • Younger than age 18;
  • 18-19 years old and a full-time student (no higher than grade 12); or 18 or older and disabled. (The disability must have started before age 22.)



- From Social Security - Parents May Qualify for Benefits

There are two ways parents may qualify for benefits even if they never worked under Social Security.

Benefits for Parents with Dependent Children

If you have children in your care who receive Social Security benefits and are under age 18, you can receive a benefit until they reach age 16. The child's benefit continues until he or she reaches age 18, or 19 if he or she is still in school full time. Your monthly payments stop with the 16th birthday of your youngest child receiving Social Security benefits, unless the child is disabled and continues in your care.

To apply for benefits, call our toll-free number 1-800-772-1213 (TTY 1-800-325-0778) Monday through Friday from 7a.m. to 7p.m. or visit your local Social Security office.

Dependent Parent's Benefits

The second way you may receive a parent's benefit is as an elderly parent of a worker who has died. If your child dies and you are dependent on him or her for more than one half of your support, you can collect a Social Security benefit. Social Security pays monthly benefits to parents on the record of a deceased worker under the following conditions:

  • The parent must be at least 62 years old and must not have remarried since the worker's death;
  • The parent cannot be entitled to his/her own, higher Social Security benefit;
  • The parent must be able to show that he/she was receiving one-half of his/her financial support from the worker at the time of death. This proof of support must be submitted to Social Security within two years of the worker's death.

Find out how to apply and what information you will need for parent’s benefits.


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) 

- available to adults & children with disablities who have limited income & resources; also to persons 65 or older without disabilities but with limited income & resources.



-  you can apply for benefits at age 64 years & 8 months



-  you can apply for benefits before retirement age - 65 years or below (in 2012).  Disability benefits are not awarded at retirement age  - 66 years or above (2012).    If already getting Disability benefits at age 66, those benefits autmatically convert to Retirement benefits.

-  From Social Security - What We Mean by Disability

SSA only pays disability benefits for total disability as SSA defines it:

"Disability" under Social Security is based on your inability to work. We consider you disabled under Social Security rules if:

  • You cannot do work that you did before;
  • We decide that you cannot adjust to other work because of your medical condition(s); and
  • Your disability has lasted or is expected to last for at least one year or to result in death.


Our specific experience with Social Security was a result of disability.  I have to give them credit for working efficiently, professionally and tactfully under such unfortunate circumstances.  They provided us with the necessary forms, instructions, telephone numbers and patient personnel to guide us along this multi-step application process.  They also gave us deadlines to meet, but notified us with enough time to get everything done promptly without rushing.  We had enough to contend with!

We chose to fill out my husband's forms online: he dictated, I typed.  His hands were too weak and in too much pain to type in pages and pages of answers.  We worked efficiently as a team and finished in about 1 week.  I then submitted them electronically.  I must admit that the forms are lengthy and require lots of detailed information about self and family, work, earnings after stopping work, reason for stopping work, why work cannot resume, expenses related to the disability, medical condition, medicines taken, doctors, daily activities, personal care and help available, meal preparation, house and yard work, getting around / outside, shopping, ability to pay bills, hobbies & interests, social activities, abilities - physical and mental, and anything else you feel needs to be mentioned & considered.

It is imperative to answer with only facts, but to describe accurately your situation.  Keep in mind that you are asking Social Security to pay benefits to you or to your family member.  They need to justify their contribution to your welfare.  They don't know you & cannot see you, so it is your task to describe to them a clear picture of why you need their help.  Keep in mind also that you need to show what is preventing you from returning to work - either your previous job or line of work, or something similar.  Be descriptive and tell it like it is.  Let them see your pain, your stress, your loss of freedom, your disability!

Once your benefits are approved, you can apply for benefits for a dependent child under age 18 (or 18-19 if in school full-time), and for a spouse.  Our Long-Term Disability insurance company actually required us to apply.




The excerpts below were taken from SOCIAL SECURITY.GOV:  [You must apply for Social Security Disability benefits before retirement age - 66 years of age in 2012.  Social Security does not cover Disability after retirement - age 66 years.  If you already get Social Security Disability benefits before retirement, then they will automatically convert to "Retirement" benefits.]

Apply Online for Disability Benefits

Applying online for disability benefits offers several advantages:
    •    You can start your disability claim immediately. There is no need to wait for an appointment;
    •    You can apply from the convenience of your own home or on any computer; and
    •    You avoid trips to a Social Security office, saving you time and money.

You can use the online application to apply for benefits if you:
    •    are age 18 or older;
    •    have worked and paid Social Security taxes long enough to qualify;
    •    have a medical condition that has prevented you from working or is expected to prevent you from working for at least 12 months or end in death; and
    •    reside in the United States or one of its territories/commonwealths.

Please note: If you want to apply for disability benefits for a child, go to Applying for Disability Benefits for Children.

If your application has recently been denied, the Internet Appeal is a starting point to request a review of our decision about your eligibility for disability benefits.


Follow these 4 easy steps to apply online

Step 1. Review the Adult Disability Checklist for details about what you will need before starting the online process.
Step 2. Fill out the online Disability Benefit Application to provide us with information regarding eligibility for payment.
Step 3. Fill out the online Adult Disability Report to provide us with medical and work history.
Step 4. Fill out, sign and mail or take the Authorization to Disclose Information to the Social Security Administration to your local Social Security Office.



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